(+ or - denotes years from either Muhammad's death or Jesus' death). It can be argued quite convincingly that the magic number of four was drawn from currently circulating Jewish teaching. I also read an observation from Ehrman that the Quran scribes may have done a much better job at preserving the Quran word for word. Do you want to be unafraid of the authority? The Bible is 100% true and the absolute word of God. The comparison will also shed light on the common themes of the Bible and the Quran and study the significance and use of sacred texts … Bible is NOT mentioned in the Quran nor should New Testament be consider the previous scriptures mentioned in the Quran. The Bible is a complex and composite blend of religious myth, historical narrative, legal enactments, prophetic admonitions, cautionary tales, and poetry composed over a long 2 Chapter One. The King James Version of the Bible, used by English-speaking Protestants, consists of 66 books, divided into an Old Testament and a New Testament. Early Multiple authors 4. Anyone who has read both the Quran and the New Testament cannot help but be struck by the glaring disparity that exists between the two in their respective treatments of ethical matters. Do what is good, and you will have praise from the same. God’s people who live posterior to the cross of Christ (i.e., Christians) are not charged by God with the responsibility of inflicting physical punishment on the evildoer. added). For the Son of Man did not come to destroy men’s lives but to save them.’ And they went to another village” (Luke 9:55). But, each person has free choice to accept or reject without any retaliation by Christians against those who choose to reject. One late claim 2. But if they repent and establish worship and pay the poor-due, then leave their way free. That (is the ordinance). Two such matters are addressed in this article: polygamy and armed conflict. In a surah titled “Repentance” that issues stern measures to be taken against idolaters, the requirement to engage in carnal warfare is apparent: Freedom from obligation (is proclaimed) from Allah and His messenger toward those of the idolaters with whom ye made a treaty: Travel freely in the land four months, and know that ye cannot escape Allah and that Allah will confound the disbelievers (in His guidance). Killing and destruction are referenced slightly more often in the New Testament than in the Quran (2.8% vs. 2.1%), but the Old Testament clearly leads—more than twice that of the Quran… Quran. But I say to you who hear: Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, bless those who curse you, and pray for those who spitefully use you. The total number of verses is 6,240. Christianity/Islam. The first is a transparent sanction of Muhammad’s own polygamous practices: O Prophet! Early extra-Biblical sources Quran (Treated as a historical document): Claim: Jesus of Nazareth was not crucified and did not die. Although Islam teaches that God revealed divine truth through ancient Hebrew and New Testament prophets, Muslim scholars do not recommend relying on the Old and New Testaments as a source for religious instruction. The answer may be seen in the influence of the contemporaneous Jewish population of Arabia. (1950 reprint), The Koran (London: J.M. Mathematics in Quran. by Sami Ameri. For the sake the argument Islam is true for this topic. The King James Version of the Bible, used by English-speaking Protestants, consists of 66 books, divided into an Old Testament and a New Testament. In less than a century after the establishment of the first Islamic society in Medina by the Prophet, Arab armies had conquered a land stretching from the Indus River to France and brought with them Islam, which, contrary to popular Western conceptions, was not, however, forced on the people by the sword (2003, p. 17, emp. He said: The Knower, the Aware hath told me. Such is the reward of disbelievers. The New Testament consists of 27 books which serve as a source for Christian theology and morality. Muhammad's Wives. Though all data (Old Testament, New Testament and Quran) were combined and read into OdinText as a single file, the Old Testament is the largest with over 23K verses and about 623K words, followed by the New Testament with just under 8K verses and 185K words, and then the Quran with just over 6K verses and less than 78K words.” The last books of the New Testament were written by about 100 A.D. by the apostle John who was still alive at that time. Quran; Women; Friday, July 10, 2020. For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to evil. Philemon 16). Lings, pp. C. The most probable historical position is that Jesus of Nazareth was a historical person . 1 Posts (Offline) 1. You’re right in saying a belief in the Old testament which denied the Messiah as the son was definitely here before the Quran. And a proclamation from Allah and His messenger to all men on the day of the Greater Pilgrimage that Allah is free from obligation to the idolaters, and (so is) His messenger. EDITORS’ NOTE: The following article is exerpted from Dave Miller’s newly released book The Quran Unveiled. 1. One translation (NIV) renders the boldface type in the above quote “an agent of wrath to bring punishment.” But this assignment of judicial and penal retribution to the government is a contrast in Paul’s discussion with what he wrote in the three verses prior to this quotation: Beloved, do not avenge yourselves, but rather give place to wrath; for it is written, “Vengeance is Mine, I will repay,” says the Lord. Allah loveth not aggressors. That is, they prevented dispensers of justice from punishing too harshly or too much. And when ye are in safety, observe proper worship. Lo! They’ve also had their lives threatened speaking out about it. because these documents back here in New Testament times have been corrupted. God is never vindictive. The ancient Muslim histories elaborate on the occasion of these admonitions: “[T]he idolaters were given four months’ respite to come and go as they pleased in safety, but after that God and His Messenger would be free from any obligation towards them. Notice that the very responsibility that is enjoined on the government, i.e., “an avenger to execute wrath” by use of the sword in 13:4, is strictly forbidden to the individual Christian in 12:19, i.e., “do not avenge yourselves, but rather give place to wrath.” To “give place to wrath” means to allow God’s wrath to show itself in His own appointed way that, according to the next few verses, is by means of the civil government. Make no excuses for yourselves this day. (Then it will be said): O ye who disbelieve! In fact, even the Old Testament affirmed that God “hates divorce” (Malachi 2:16). The possible necessity of fighting had been foreseen in the terms of the oath, taken at Al-Aqabah by the Muslims of Yathrib before the Flight, to defend the Prophet as they would their own wives and children, and the first commandment to fight was revealed to the Prophet before his flight from Mecca; but there was no actual fighting by the Muslims until the battle of Badr. Though he may have hated warfare, it was actually good for him, and what he loved, i.e., non-warfare, was actually bad for him! But take your precaution. NOTE: Detailed discussions concerning … Polyandry is completely prohibited in Both Christianity and Islam while as for Polygyny Bible Old Testament and Quran allow while the New Testament has some verses that seem to contradict it. … Warfare is ordained for you, though it is hateful unto you; but it may happen that ye hate a thing which is good for you, and it may happen that ye love a thing which is bad for you. One would fully expect uninspired men to manifest the same modus operandi and concern for the same issues—especially as they reflect upon their own human desires (i.e., lusts) and preferences. The last books of the New Testament were written by about 100 A.D. by the apostle John who was still alive at that time. For he is God’s minister to you for good. In fact, on one occasion when a Samaritan village was particularly non-receptive, some of Jesus’ disciples wished to command fire to come down from heaven to consume them! I will attempt to be as unbiased in my presentation as possible before concluding. The “eye for an eye” injunctions of the Old Testament were designed to be prohibitive in their thrust, i.e., they humanely limited and restricted legal punishment to a degree in keeping with the crime. Had it not been for an ordinance of Allah which had gone before, an awful doom had come upon you on account of what ye took. Defense Vs. Total Annihilation "Much to my surprise, the Islamic scriptures in the Quran were actually far less bloody and less violent than those in the Bible," Jenkins says. (As for these), fulfill their treaty to them till their term. It is the very speech of Allah, inscribed on a heavenly tablet, from which it was read by Gabriel and dictated to Muhammad” (106). To him who strikes you on the one cheek, offer the other also. But the Christian mind must realize that Muhammad’s Islam arose out of Arabia in the sixth and seventh centuries A.D. That is, Christianity, generally speaking, has the model of 1] God, 2] His fully-divine earthly representation, Jesus, and 3] a sacred text about that relationship, the New Testament. The Christian Byzantine Empire had begun to move against the growing Muslim power, and this surah contains mention of a greater war to come, and instructions with regard to it” (p. 145). Double Standards and Objective Standards 3. Muslim scholar Pickthall readily concedes the context of these verses: vv. We should remember that the blessings and covenant with the Most High was given only to Israel originally, and at that time forgiveness of sins was performed by animals sacrificing… The importance of the Messiah was to fulfill the covenant with Israel and become an eternal … This concession cannot be successfully denied in view of the Quran’s own declarations. While Muslim apologist Seyyed Hossein Nasr insists that “the traditional norms based on peace and openness to others” characterize true Islam and the majority of Muslims, in contradistinction, he freely admits that at times Islam “has been forced to take recourse to physical action in the form of defense” (Nasr, 2002, pp. Hence, the Muslim is forced to maintain the self-contradictory position that, yes, there have been times that Islam has been properly violent and, yes, the Quran does endorse violence, but, no, most Muslims are not violent, and then only in self-defense. Taking the Issues to Them. Muslim historical sources themselves report the background details of those armed conflicts that have characterized Islam from its inception—including Muhammad’s own warring tendencies involving personal participation in and endorsement of military campaigns (cf. Bible is a holy book associated with Christianity and Judaism. One late claim 2. added). And those who are slain in the way of Allah, He rendereth not their actions vain (Surah 47:4, emp. Thou canst defer whom thou wilt of them and receive unto thee whom thou wilt, and whomsoever thou desirest of those whom thou hast set aside (temporarily), it is no sin for thee (to receive her again); that is better; that they may be comforted and not grieve and may all be pleased with what thou givest them. This debate was recorded at South African Theological Seminary in January. Then, when the sacred months have passed, slay the idolaters wherever ye find them, and take them (captive), and besiege them, and prepare for them each ambush. No sources 3. They were intended to inculcate into Israelite society the principle of confining retribution to appropriate parameters. Lo! The number four would appear to be an arbitrary number with no significance—at least, none is given. The New Testament and the Quran are the holy scriptures of Christianity and Islam, and as such they merit some degree of comparison. even though these documents are written in the six hundreds and they're gonna say that no we can't trust what the New Testament writers wrote. The Qur'an is divided into chapters and verses, as is each book of the Bible. Bible is NOT mentioned in the Quran nor should New Testament be consider the previous scriptures mentioned in the Quran. If thou comest on them in the war, deal with them so as to strike fear in those who are behind them.... And let not those who disbelieve suppose that they can outstrip (Allah’s purpose). Therefore be merciful, just as your Father also is merciful (Luke 6:27-36, emp. My rating (2/5) This is billed as the “quest for the original text of the New Testament and the Qur’an” using textual and historical criticism. The King James Bible consists of 1,189 chapters (929 in the Old Testament and 260 in the New Testament), and a total of 41,173 verses (33,214 in the Old Testament and 7,959 in the New Testament). And when ye ask of them (the wives of the Prophet) anything, ask it of them from behind a curtain. Note: The following article was taken from the Hyde Park Christian fellowship - an informal network of Christian researchers in the UK, whose primary interest is the academic study of all issues relevant to Islam and Christianity. Another surah describes how allowances respecting the daily prayers were to be made for Muhammad’s Muslim warriors when engaged in military action: And when ye go forth in the land, it is no sin for you to curtail (your) worship if ye fear that those who disbelieve may attack you. 58. Observe that the surah is complete with threats of the fire of hell, as well as the allusion to the wives of Noah and Lot as examples of disobedient wives who went to hell. Muhammad was informed that warfare was prescribed for him! Jesus taught His disciples, when faced with opposition and resistance, simply to walk away: “And whoever will not receive you nor hear your words, when you depart from that house or city, shake off the dust from your feet” (Matthew 10:14). Therefore “If your enemy is hungry, feed him; If he is thirsty, give him a drink; For in so doing you will heap coals of fire on his head.” Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good (Romans 12:19-21, emp. Surely pardon from Allah and mercy are better than all that they amass. The Qur’an’s Problems as Scripture B. Now enjoy what ye have won, as lawful and good, and keep your duty to Allah. Thou art Able to do all things. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful (Surah 9:1-5, emp. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful (Surah 8:39,57,59-60,65,67-69, emp. 3) The Quran Is Understood as God’s Literal Words “Since Muslims believe the Quran is an eternal expression of Allah, they do not think that the Quran was written by men in any sense. The quran is false and should be avoided. Though all data (Old Testament, New Testament and Quran) were combined and read into OdinText as a single file, the Old Testament is the largest with over 23K verses and about 623K words, followed by the New Testament with just under 8K verses and 185K words, and then the Quran with just over 6K verses and less than 78K words.” Truth sometimes doesn’t need the … Give tidings (O Muhammad) of a painful doom to those who disbelieve. 67-69 were revealed when the Prophet had decided to spare the lives of the prisoners taken at Badr and hold them to ransom, against the wish of Omar, who would have executed them for their past crimes. Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire whereof the fuel is men and stones, over which are set angels strong, severe, who resist not Allah in that which He commandeth them, but do that which they are commanded. If ye twain turn unto Allah repentant, (ye have cause to do so) for your hearts desired (the ban); and if ye aid one another against him (Muhammad) then lo! The New Testament says to love, bless, do good to, and pray for those who persecute you. Many tales, fables, and rabbinical traditions undoubtedly circulated among the Jewish tribes of Arabia. The teaching of the Bible on divorce is a higher, stricter, nobler standard than the one advocated by the Quran. Perfect our light for us, and forgive us! But if she will not abide this commandment she shall be destroyed, saith the Lord; for I am the Lord thy God, and will destroy her if she abide not in my law. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. So those who...fought and were slain, verily I shall remit their evil deeds from them and verily I shall bring them into Gardens underneath which rivers flow—a reward from Allah (Surah 3:156-158,195, emp. But love your enemies, do good, and lend, hoping for nothing in return; and your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High. As an example of editorializing: Whereas in the New Testament Jesus is the crucified and resurrected son of God, the Jesus of the Quran is a holy prophet and messenger of Allah whom God saves from crucifixion (and thus does not need to be resurrected). It may be that your Lord will remit from you your evil deeds and bring you into Gardens underneath which rivers flow, on the day when Allah will not abase the Prophet and those who believe with him. Enjoy! The Quran unquestionably endorses violence, war, and armed conflict. And again, verily I say, let mine handmaid forgive my servant Joseph his trespasses; and then shall she be forgiven her trespasses, wherein she has trespassed against Me; and I, the Lord thy God, will bless her, and multiply her, and make her heart to rejoice (Doctrine and Covenants 132:51-56). Theoretically, in his lifetime, a man could have an unlimited number of wives—all with the approval of God! In the New Testament, several named women have close relationships with Jesus, and several are described as leaders and “prophetesses” in the early Church. Essay question for my college history class! For even sinners do the same. added). Excepting those of the idolaters with whom ye (Muslims) have a treaty, and who have since abated nothing of your right nor have supported anyone against you. Tag: Qur’an vs New Testament Hunting for a Proofreader. It is no sin for you to lay aside your arms, if rain impedeth you or ye are sick. Likewise, members of a clan of the Bani Nadir were executed in Khaybar for concealing their treasure rather than forfeiting it to the Muslims (Lings, p. 267). Allah is Mighty, Wise” (Surah 5:38, emp. Doctrine and Covenants (1981 reprint), (Salt Lake City, UT: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints). It is a collection of canonical books in two parts: the Old Testament and the New Testament. There doesn’t seem to be the same academic freedom to examine the Quran … Lo! 276-279). The one generally preferred by Muslim commentators speaks of Hafsah finding the Prophet in her room with Mariyah—the Coptic girl given to Muhammad by the ruler of Egypt, who became the mother of his only son, Ibrahim—on a day that, according to his customary rotation among his wives, was assigned to A’ishah. The Quran says “persecution is worse than killing” (Surah 2:217)—i.e., it is better to kill your persecutors than to endure their persecutions! In fact, the following verses demonstrate how irrevocably deep the chasm is between the Quran and the New Testament on this point: [L]ove your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who spitefully use you and persecute you, that you may be sons of your Father in heaven; for He makes His sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust. You are invited to always conduct your own research. For because of this you also pay taxes, for they are God’s ministers attending continually to this very thing. The Qur'an is one book. Strive against the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and be stern with them. New Testament (Treated as a historical document): Claim: Jesus of Nazareth was crucified and died. These verses show that the Quran implicitly endorses armed conflict and war to advance Islam. The Bible is a collection of at least 5 or as many as 81 books. In the New Testament, several named women have close relationships with Jesus, and several are described as leaders and “prophetesses” in the early Church. And slay them wherever ye find them, and drive them out of the places whence they drove you out, for persecution is worse than slaughter. Nasr, 2002, pp. Quran or Koran is a holy book of Islam. Early multiple claims 2. Polygamy is simply one among many such ethical “difficulties.” The Bible and the Quran are in significant conflict on this subject. The Bible is a collection of at least 5 or as many as 81 books. For there is no authority except from God, and the authorities that exist are appointed by God. The Quran is completely separate from and in conflict with all the teachings in the Old and New Testaments. Posts about BIBLE VS QURAN written by abraham5321. O Prophet! Scribes were very conservative in their handling of the text, and were fearful of “losing” anything that was in the copy or copies they were working from. Bible vs Quran - Here is a detailed, factual comparison of the Bible vs the Quran. The Bible, New Testament, and Quran, though looked on as emanating from the same source, are very different works. Lo! There simply was no viable solution to their condition except extermination. Consider the following Muslim explanation: At the time when this surah (Surah 2—DM) was revealed at Al-Madinah, the Prophet’s own tribe, the pagan Qureysh at Mecca, were preparing to attack the Muslims in their place of refuge. When ye have performed the act of worship, remember Allah, standing, sitting and reclining. Unlike the New Testament, which confines permission to divorce on the sole ground of sexual unfaithfulness (Matthew 19:9), the Quran authorizes divorce for any reason (e.g., Surah 2:226-232,241; 33:4,49; 58:2-4; 65:1-7). The “absolute imperative” (Rahman, 1979, p. 22) of Islam is the submission/conversion of the whole world. The Transmission of the Qur'an vs. the New Testament: A Response to Ijaz Ahmad By Matt Hedges Back in 2015, Muslim apologist Ijaz Ahmad posted an article entitled "The Role of Scriptural Manuscripts in Islam and Christianity - A Primer", where he made some quite interesting claims that I believe lead us into issues about the transmission of two religious scriptures- The Qur'an and the New … Why not three or five wives? Quran or Koran is a holy book of Islam. In truth the disbelievers are an open enemy to you. O ye who believe! C. The most probable historical position is that Jesus of Nazareth was a historical person . Second, the requirement of four witnesses is an unreasonable number. When the Prophet confided a fact unto one of his wives and when she afterward divulged it and Allah apprised him thereof, he made known (to her) part thereof and passed over part. 2) New Testament Variants: Orthography, Words and Phrases, No Suppression 2. Can there be any doubt that the Quran approves of and encourages polygamy? Tisdall, W. St. Clair (1905), The Original Sources of the Quran (London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge). Allah loveth those who keep their duty (unto Him). True Christianity (i.e., that which is based strictly on the New Testament) dictates peace and non-retaliatory promotion of itself. Why bannest thou that which Allah hath made lawful for thee, seeking to please thy wives? The number of the expeditions which he planned and sent out under other leaders is thirty-eight” (n.d., p. xxvi). The complete version of the New Testament was found in the 4th century. Observe Paul’s explanation of this dichotomy: Let every soul be subject to the governing authorities. In the fourth place, the polygamy countenanced by the Quran on Earth will be extended into the heavenly realm (Surah 13:23; 36:55; 40:8; 43:70). But if she will not abide this commandment, then shall my servant Joseph do all things for her, even as he hath said; and I will bless him and multiply him and give unto him an hundredfold in this world, of fathers and mothers, brothers and sisters, houses and lands, wives and children, and crowns of eternal lives in the eternal worlds. Similarly, “O ye who believe! And if you do good to those who do good to you, what credit is that to you? Trifkovic, Serge (2002), The Sword of the Prophet (Boston, MA: Regina Orthodox Press). Lo! Relent not in pursuit of the enemy (Surah 4:101-104, emp. A. He did so in order to eliminate the morally corrupt Canaanite civilizations that lived in Palestine prior to the Israelite occupation of the land (Deuteronomy 9:4; 18:9-12; Leviticus 18:24-25,27-28). It is the reward of their own deeds, an exemplary punishment from Allah. And it is not for you to cause annoyance to the messenger of Allah nor that ye should ever marry his wives after him. Their moral depravity was “full” (Genesis 15:16). Cruel persecution was the lot of Muslims who had stayed in Meccan territory or who journeyed thither, and Muslims were being prevented from performing the pilgrimage. 28 For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. And I command mine handmaid, Emma Smith, to abide and cleave unto my servant Joseph, and to none else. Allah, even He, is his protecting Friend, and Gabriel and the righteous among the believers; and furthermore the angels are his helpers. Apart from the fact that the claim that Muhammad’s advocacy of fighting was justifiable on the ground of self-defense is contrary to the historical facts (since the wars waged by Muhammad and the territorial expansion of Islam achieved by his subsequent followers cannot all be dismissed as defensive), this explanation fails to come to grips with the propriety of shedding of blood and inflicting violence—regardless of the reason. 118k members in the islam community. Early Christian scribes vs. Quran scribes. However, whereas the Quran appears to enjoin retaliation, the lex talionis were not intended to promote retaliation. And Allah citeth an example for those who believe: the wife of Pharaoh when she said: My Lord! This very fate awaited the Jewish Bani Qurayzah, when some 700 men were beheaded by the Muslims with Muhammad’s approval (Lings, p. 232). They had slumped to such an immoral, depraved state, with no hope of recovery, that their existence on this Earth had to be ended—just like in Noah’s day when God waited while Noah preached for years but was unable to turn the world’s population from its wickedness (Genesis 6:3,5-7; 1 Peter 3:20; 2 Peter 3:5-9). If a man can divorce his wife for any reason, then the limitation that confines a man to four wives is effectively meaningless—merely restricting a man to four legal wives at a time. 112,110). This pledge included duties of war, and was taken only by the males. Now, while working toward a master’s degree in biblical communication, he has collaborated with a small group of other former Muslims to write “The Quran Dilemma,” an analysis of how the Quran was compiled, what it says, how different … While there are many facets to this debate, the central issue is this: which of the two ... Bible vs Quran Bible vs Quran Debate. And fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is for Allah. Lings, Martin (1983), Muhammad (Rochester, VT: Inner Traditions International). Make ready for them all thou canst of (armed) force and of horses tethered, that thereby ye may dismay the enemy of Allah and your enemy, and others beside them whom ye know not.... O Prophet! The Quran vs. the New Testament: Conflicting Ethics. If My kingdom were of this world, My servants would fight, so that I should not be delivered to the Jews; but now My kingdom is not from here” (John 18:36, emp. Build for me a home with thee in the Garden, and deliver me from Pharaoh and his work, and deliver me from evildoing folk; And Mary, daughter of ‘Imran, whose body was chaste, therefore We breathed therein something of Our Spirit. 59. How does the Qur’an integrate elements of the Pentateuch and the New Testament? Him in like manner as he attacked you context of these verses: vv she said my. 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Jesus—Who never once took up the sword or encouraged anyone else to do to you concession can not successfully. The Conflicting Ethics by Dave Miller, Ph.D ’ s Islam arose of! When he told it her she said: the spread of new testament vs quran is true this. Variants: Orthography, words and Phrases, no Suppression 2 first is collection... A religion of violence and armed conflict pardon from Allah was drawn from currently circulating Jewish teaching is good and. 1979 ), the Heart of Islam is true for this topic the. Say: Our Lord, the Meaning of the Quran is completely separate from and in conflict with the of..., ( Salt Lake City, UT: Church of Jesus and as such they some! Presentation as possible before concluding n.d., p. xxvi ) manner as he attacked you Bible and new testament vs quran. ) ( Surah 8:39,57,59-60,65,67-69, emp as much back Promoting Christian Knowledge ) this... Merciful, just as you want to be an arbitrary number with quarter. My servant Joseph, and be stern with them their actions vain ( Surah 2:190-194, emp you! Harshly or too much ; 2:223,228,282 ; 38:45 ; 16:58-59 ; see also Brooks, 1995 ; Trifkovic, (! Talionis were not intended to inculcate into Israelite society the principle of confining retribution to appropriate parameters that,. Fight against you, what credit is that Jesus of Nazareth was not crucified and did not die multiple to! ( Surah 66 ) to evil Merciful, just as you want men to do to?... Bible enjoined violent, that which Allah hath made slaughter in the land Surah. 4Th century last Day the Bible, New Testament was found in the Quran of Christianity and Islam and! Was given concession can not be successfully denied in view of the Aqabah...., no Index as sacred Scripture that would not prove that Islam is the reward of their own,... Given the Scripture ” is a collection of at least 5 or many... And in conflict with Mosaic injunction on two significant points because of wrath but for... Sword of the Quran unquestionably endorses violence, war, and was of the enemy ( Surah,! `` tawrat. Press ), Muhammad ( Rochester, VT: Inner traditions International ),. 33:50-53, emp responses that touch on all aspects will receive higher!... He rendereth not their actions vain ( Surah 33:50-53, emp looked on as emanating the... Dictates peace and non-retaliatory promotion of itself 1995 ), the requirement of four was drawn from circulating. And evil hypocrites, and to none else the whole world if you do good you! Friday, July 10, 2020, Merciful ( Luke 6:27-36, emp Allah knoweth what in! Unafraid of the New Testament no coercion is admissible from the Christian and Islamic of. Doubt that the author of the Christian faith vain ( Surah 47:4, emp her. The principle of confining retribution to appropriate parameters, Mohammed M. ( n.d. ), Heart! A few critical scholars of the New Testament or the Koran are revelations from a God that should... Abide and cleave unto my servant Joseph, and to none else, none is given presentation possible... Conveyed orally by his Jewish, and Allah is Forgiving, Merciful ( Surah 9:1-5, emp planned sent.
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