Residents of Wessagusset were supported by Plymouth until they joined the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630.  They named their settlement "Plimouth" (sometimes spelled "Plimoth") after the major port city in Devon, England from which the Mayflower ultimately sailed. The town has two institutions of higher learning. Plymouth Colony was the first official colony in Massachusetts. Aug 23, 2014 - Massachusetts Bay Colony, one of the original English settlements in Massachusetts. Map & Directions. The racial makeup of the town was 93.8% White, 2.0% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.9% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.9% from other races, and 1.48% from two or more races. The ship was headed for the mouth of the Hudson River near Manhattan, which was part of the Colony of Virginia at the time, but it did not go beyond Cape Cod. British Puritans, in search of religious freedom, founded the settlement of Plymouth in 1620. Explore some of the lesser-known sites where early colonies failed to take root with our detailed new map. The Plymouth & Brockton Street Railway Company offers scheduled service to Logan Airport, downtown Boston, Hyannis, and Provincetown. The settlers officially disembarked on December 21, 1620.  It is approximately 30 mi (48 km) from Plymouth. Plymouth is the largest municipality in Massachusetts by area. We marched to the place we called Cornhill, where we had found the corn before. Two special education schools, the Baird School and the Radius Pediatric School, are located in the town. Unlike the settlers of Jamestown who had come to North America seeking financial profit, most of the Plymouth colonists had come seeking the freedom of religion denied to them by England. Plymouth makes up the entire western shore of Cape Cod Bay. Use the buttons under the image to switch to different map types. Plymouth has nine public beaches, the largest being Plymouth Beach. Cotton's forces surrounded the British troops, but Cotton determined not to fire, allowing the British to escape by water down the Green Harbor River and back to the security of the British forces occupying Boston. This is the first truly complete treatment of the history and genealogy of Plymouth Colony. Plymouth has a humid continental climate (Dfb) which is the predominant climate for Massachusetts. The ship is open as a museum about the Pilgrims' historic voyage from Plymouth, England, and is considered a faithful replica of the original Mayflower. Most of the papers were published and are available at the State Library and the State Archives.  In addition, since 1990, Plymouth has shared a sister-city status with Shichigahama, Miyagi Prefecture, Japan. The town is located roughly 44 miles (71 km) southeast of Boston (it is almost exactly 40 miles (64 km) from Plymouth Rock to the Massachusetts State House) and equidistantly east of Providence, Rhode Island. First established at Plymouth, Massachusetts by the Pilgrims, the New England Colonies were some of the earliest colonies, and they were primarily populated by British Puritans.  The Greater Attleboro Taunton Regional Transit Authority (GATRA) operates public transportation buses known as the Plymouth Area Link (PAL) throughout much of Plymouth and Kingston. 1620. It is the only major healthcare provider in the town. Plymouth lies along the "Pilgrims Highway" portion of Route 3, which is the major route between Cape Cod and Boston. Due to its location on the Atlantic Ocean, humidity levels can be very high year-round. Plymouth is one of two termini of the Kingston/Plymouth Old Colony Line of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority's commuter rail, providing non-peak service to Braintree and as far north as Boston's South Station. Plymouth Colony was the first official colony in Massachusetts. South Shore Hospital, in South Weymouth, is the largest hospital in southeastern Massachusetts.. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.8% of the population.. Its station is behind the Kingston Collection.)  Plymouth holds the unique distinction of being the first permanent settlement in New England, and one of the oldest settlements in the United States. The states that were part of the 13 original colonies are colored red on this 13 colonies map. The first identification of Plymouth Rock as the actual landing site was made in 1741 by 94-year-old Thomas Faunce, whose father had arrived in Plymouth in 1623, three years after the arrival of the Mayflower. Plymouth Colony is a neighborhood in Georgia. Colonial America:Plymouth Colony 1620 A short history of Plymouth Colony hosted at U-S-History.com, includes a map of all of the New England colonies. In addition to the Plymouth Rock Memorial, several other monuments were constructed in celebration of Plymouth's tricentennial.  The population was 58,271 as of the 2010 U.S. Census. It was later moved to Pilgrim Hall and then to a location under a granite Victorian Canopy, where it was easily accessible and subject to souvenir hunters. It is the oldest municipality in New England and one of the oldest in the United States. The Colony consisted of the Pilgrims (English Puritans). Plymouth Colony retained its independence for over 70 years, and by 1691 its population exceeded 7,000. The Neo-Classical Revival structure was designed by the highly influential architectural firm of McKim, Mead and White, designers of the Boston Public Library, Rhode Island State House and the former Pennsylvania Station in New York City. Activist, Philosopher, Anti-Drug Crusader, Comedian, Author, Actor Recording Artist, Nutritionist", "Profile of Chris Alberghini on Famous Like Me", National Thanksgiving Turkey Presentation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Plymouth,_Massachusetts&oldid=1003120703, Populated coastal places in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, 1620 establishments in the Thirteen Colonies, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2012, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Plymouth campus opened in 1991, and the college's main campus is in Quincy. maps; He learned English, escaped slavery, and returned home in 1619. Plymouth is represented in the Massachusetts House of Representatives as a part of the First and Twelfth Plymouth Districts. The town is sometimes vulnerable to Atlantic hurricanes and tropical storms, which infrequently threaten the Cape Cod region during the early autumn months. In 1691, just 71 years after the Pilgrims first set foot on Plymouth Rock, the colony was merged with the Massachusetts Bay Colony and other territories to form the Province of Massachusetts Bay. There were 21,269 households, out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.6% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.7% were non-families. It is bordered on land by Bourne to the southeast, Wareham to the southwest, Carver to the west, and Kingston to the north. Plymouth is located approximately 40 miles (64 km) south of Boston, Massachusetts in a region known as the South Shore.  Summers are typically hot and humid, while winters are cold, windy and often snowy. 66, Dec. 1780, opposite p. 281.  A major feature of the town is the Myles Standish State Forest, which is in the southwestern region. Almost 400 years after the Pilgrims celebrated their first Thanksgiving, archaeologists have unearthed evidence of the original 1620 settlement in Plymouth, Mass. Since 2001, Plymouth has shared a twin-city status with: Plymouth, Devon, United Kingdom. The town holds a place of great prominence in American history, folklore, and culture, and is known as "America's Hometown." The Mayflower II is a full-size replica of the Mayflower, the ship which brought the Pilgrims to Plymouth in 1620. Plymouth Colony Roanoke County, Virginia. At the edge of the town on Route 80 is Parting Ways, a 94-acre (380,000 m2) site that is notable for containing the remains of four former slaves who fought in the American Revolutionary War and their families. Promoted as America's Hometown, Plymouth is a tourist destination noted for its heritage. The campus opened in 1994, and the main campus is located in Milton. It was settled by a group of Separatist Puritans from England in 1620. ο Plymouth Colony Records: The Archives has transcripts of the original Plymouth colony papers, including wills and deeds.  There are also six post offices for the town's five ZIP codes, with one in the downtown area, one in North Plymouth, one in Manomet, one in White Horse Beach, one near the Plymouth County Jail, and one near the town forest in "The Village Green" shopping area of The Pinehills.. He also was instrumental in the survival of the settlement for the first two years. New England Colonies. Timeline of Plymouth Colony; Colonial America:Plymouth Colony 1620 A short history of Plymouth Colony hosted at U-S-History.com, includes a map of all of the New England colonies. The ferry leaves from the State Wharf in Plymouth Center. This place is situated in Roanoke County, Virginia, United States, its geographical coordinates are 37° 20' 10" North, 79° 57' 30" West and its original name (with diacritics) is Plymouth Colony. New England Colonies. Plymouth is the largest municipality in Massachusetts by area. Image: Mr. Smith Online. T.F. From the beginning, the assistance of Native Americans was vital. Plymouth Colony is a neighborhood in Georgia. Plymouth's coastal location causes it to experience warmer temperatures than many inland locations in New England. From Universal magazine of knowledge and pleasure, vol. He had been awarded a three-year grant for this, and he managed, with the help of his students, to find evidence in the first year of his dig. Squanto had been kidnapped in 1614 by a settler and sold into slavery in Málaga, Spain.  In addition to the ferry, Plymouth Harbor offers service for harbor excursions, whale watching tours, and deep sea fishing. , Plymouth has a centralized municipal police force, the Plymouth Police Department. Massachusetts In 1685, the County was created by the Plymouth General Court, the legislature of Plymouth Colony, predating its annexation by the Massachusetts Bay Colony. It was the final landing site of the first voyage of the Mayflower and the location of the original settlement of Plymouth Colony.  The Plymouth MBTA station is near Cordage Park in North Plymouth, along Route 3A. In the year 2007, the Mayflower II celebrated the 50th anniversary of its arrival in Plymouth.. Over the next two months, storms forced many of the Pilgrims to stay aboard the Mayflower, ferrying back and forth to shore while building shelters to house their new settlement. This place is situated in DeKalb County, Georgia, United States, its geographical coordinates are 33° 51' 35" North, 84° 17' 45" West and its original name (with diacritics) is Plymouth Colony. Map 1701 Plymouth Colony +2 votes . The Plymouth Colony Archive Project a collection of primary sources documents and secondary source analysis related to Plymouth Colony. Plymouth Colony is a city located in the county of Roanoke in the U.S. state of Virginia. Today, these settlers are much better known as the "Pilgrims", a term coined by William Bradford.. The coldest month is January, with an average high temperature of 38.1 °F (3.4 °C) and an average low of 20.1 °F (−6.6 °C).. According to Plymouth County Registry of Deeds records, Colony Place LLC sold Colony Place Plaza and Village to Rainier Colony Place Acquisitions LLC last Wednesday, Feb. 5, for $83 million. They were afraid of burying the dead openly, as it would alert the Indians to how weak the colony was and possibly provoke an attack.  It is home to Pinewoods Dance Camp, a traditional dance and music camp listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Plymouth Rock is one of Plymouth's most famous attractions. Welcome to the Plymouth Colony google satellite map! Map of the development of the Plymouth Colony from the Mayflower til its end.  On the state level, primary but shared patrolling responsibility of the town's limited access highways falls upon the Seventh (Bourne) Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police. The colony gradually grew in size, and the original settlement known as the Plimoth Plantation expanded as settlers built houses in the area.  Other historic houses include the Mayflower House Museum. The Puritans set sail with 102 passengers and the ship's hold full of water, sugar, oatmeal, meat and cheese, as well as furniture and tools. Plymouth is one of two county seats of Plymouth County, the other being Brockton. Plymouth Colony included parts of New England, centered around Plymouth, Barnstable, and Bristol counties in … The airport features a local restaurant and gift shop, but does not have an on-site traffic control tower.. , During the Revolutionary War, the Plymouth County militia was led by Colonel Theophilus Cotton of Plymouth. 23.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The Plymouth School District is one of the largest in the state, operating fourteen schools. In 1970 the Plymouth Rock Portico was listed in the National Register of Historic Places. The Pilgrims started constructing their living houses and storehouses in late December 1620, but only managed to get a couple built before and during the first winter. Plymouth contains several small ponds scattered throughout its western quadrant, the largest being the Great Herring Pond (which is partly in the town of Bourne). Myles Standish State Forest, the Commonwealth's second largest state forest, is located in Plymouth. It was the first permanent colony of Massachusetts. It was established in 1620; it became part of the Dominion of New England Genealogy in 1686; in 1691 Plymouth and the Massachusetts Bay Colony Genealogy were combined. The population is 56,468 according to the 2010 U.S. Census.  They explored various parts of Cape Cod and eventually sought a suitable location for a permanent settlement to the westward in Cape Cod Bay. Welcome to the Original Plymouth Colony group, featuring photos taken in or related to the part of Massachusetts formerly part of Plymouth Colony, including Plymouth, Bristol and Barnstable Counties, and the "East Bay" portion of Rhode Island. With maps, we will easily find a place. The first entity to emerge was Plymouth Colony (1620) which exercised control over what is today the southeastern portion of Massachusetts. Metropolitan areas have +150,000 according to source at the time estimated. A History of the American People. There is also a smaller town forest, as well as several parks, recreation areas and beaches. In 1664 the Duke of York, James, was granted a Royal Colony. The states that were part of the 13 original colonies are colored red on this 13 colonies map. These original settlers of Plymouth Colony are known as the Pilgrim Fathers, or simply as the Pilgrims.  The current town manager of Plymouth is Melissa Arrighi. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Route 80's western terminus is at its intersection with old Route 44. United States Representative from Maine, born in Plymouth, railroad official, former resident of Plymouth, Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences museum director, author of many scientific papers, born in Plymouth, trombonist and co-founder of the Casa Loma Orchestra, died in Plymouth, comedian, activist and nutritionist, resident of Plymouth, blues promoter and photographer, born in Plymouth, Lead vocalist and lead and rhythm guitars in, television producer-writer, born in Plymouth, adult film star and nude model, born in Plymouth, political commentator and author, born in Plymouth, Note: Municipalities not listed have a town meeting form of government (see, This page was last edited on 27 January 2021, at 14:21. During the process, the rock split in two. This sketch is bound into the front of a manuscript volume entitled "Plimouths Great Book of Deeds of Lands Enrolled from Ano 1627 to Ano 1651."  Both libraries are a part of the Old Colony Library Network, which services 28 libraries throughout the South Shore. It is the largest municipality in Massachusetts by area. Plymouth Rock became very famous after its identification as the supposed landing site of the Pilgrims, and was subsequently moved to a location in Plymouth Center. In 1622, the Pilgrims built a fence around the colony for their better defense--the perimeter was nearly half a mile, and the fence was about 8 to 9 feet high. New York: Penguin Group. Much like the rest of the Northeastern seaboard, Plymouth receives ample amounts of precipitation year-round. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Prior to 1685 there were two separate colonies within the boundaries of present-day Massachusetts. There is a seasonal ferry to Provincetown and several other excursion lines that offer cruises of Plymouth Bay and Cape Cod Bay. 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